Microsurgery: Transplantation and Replantation by Harry J. Buncke, MD, et al.
  Table of Contents / Chapter 40:
The Use of Medicinal Leeches in Microsurgery
  1. Lukin, E.I: On the distribution of the medicinal leech in the USSR (in Russian). Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 36:658, 1957.

2. Blair, W.N.: Notes on Hirudo medicinalis, the medicinal leech, as a British species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 100:999, 1927.

3. Hunter, John: A Treatise of the Blood, Inflammation and Gunshot Wounds. London, George Nicol, 1794, pp. 563-564.

4. Foucher, G., Henderson, H.R., Maneau, M., and Braun, F.M.: Distal digital replantation: One of the best indications for microsurgery. Int. J. Microsurg. 3:265, 1981.

5. Foucher, G.: Un vieux remede dans un pot neuf: la sangue en microchirurgie. Communication a la Siezieme Rencontre Internationale de Microchirugie, GAM Marseille, France, May 14-17, 1980.

6. Batchelor, A.G.G., Davison, P., and Sully, L.: The salvage of congested skin flaps by application of leeches. Br. J. Plast. Surg. 37:358, 1984.

7. Henderson, H.P., Matti, B., Laing, A.G., Morelli, S., and Sully, L.: Avulsion of the scalp treated by microvascular repair: The use of leeches for postoperative decongestion. Br. J. Plast. Surg. 36:235, 1983.

8. Mutimer, K.L., Banis, J., and Upton, J.: Microsurgical reattachment of totally amputated ears. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 79:535, 1987.


9. Mann, K.H.: Leeches (Hirudinea). Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1961.

10. Mann, K.H.: A Key to the British Freshwater Leeches. 2nd Ed. Freshwater Biological Association, Scientific Publication No. 14, 1964.

11. Sawyer, R.T.: Leech Biology and Behaviour. Vols. I, II, III. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1986.

12. Putter, A.: Der Stoffwechsel der Blutegels (Hirudo medicinalis). Z. allg. Physiol. 7:217, 1908.

13. Putter, A.: Der Stoffwechsel der Blutegels (Hirudo medicinalis). Z. allg. Physiol. 7:16, 1908.

14. Busing, K.H.: Pseudomonas hirudinis ein bacterieller Darmsybiont des Blutegels (Hirudis Officinalis). Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie 157:478, 1951.

15. Busing, K.H., Doll, W., and Freytag, K.: Die Bakterien, flore der medizinischen Blutegel. Arch. Microbiol. 19:52, 1953.

16. Jennings, J.B., and Vander Lande, V.M.: Histochemical and bacteriological studies on digestion in nine species of leeches (Annelida: Hirudinea). Biol. Bull. 33:166, 1967.

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